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Oral Surgery
Dentist shaking hands with patient at Madison Oral Surgery & Dental Implants in Madison, WIOral surgery encompasses surgical procedures carried out on the teeth, gums, jaws, or other structures in the mouth. It comprises extractions, dental implants, and jaw surgeries. Typically, oral surgeries at Madison Oral Surgery & Dental Implants are conducted by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist. These professionals are dental specialists with extra training in oral surgical procedures.

Reasons for Oral Surgery

Oral surgery is performed for various reasons, primarily to address issues related to the teeth, gums, jaws, or other structures in the mouth. One common reason is the extraction of severely damaged or decayed teeth that cannot be saved through other dental treatments.

Oral surgery is also necessary for the placement of dental implants to replace missing teeth or to correct issues with jaw alignment. Gum grafts may be performed to treat gum recession and improve oral health. Jaw surgeries can also be conducted to address problems such as misaligned jaws or temporomandibular joint disorders, improving function, and alleviating pain.

You may need oral surgery if you suffer from impacted wisdom teeth, facial trauma, cleft palate, or general oral infections. Many other conditions may necessitate oral surgery. It could be something as simple as wisdom tooth removal or as complex as dental implants.

Types of Oral Surgery

Various oral surgery procedures are conducted annually. Among the most frequent are tooth extractions and corrective jaw surgeries. Below are the most common types of oral surgery:

Tooth Extraction

The most common type of oral surgery is tooth extractions. It is recommended for severe tooth decay, dental trauma, or wisdom teeth. Sometimes, extractions are necessary to prepare for orthodontic work, dentures, or other prosthetics. While dentists aim to preserve natural teeth, extractions are sometimes necessary for overall oral health. Additionally, wisdom tooth extraction is often recommended preventively to reduce the risk of cavities, bone loss, teeth crowding, and related issues.

Periodontal Surgery

For moderate periodontitis, a specialist may recommend gum disease treatment. This involves making incisions along the gum line, temporarily moving tissue away from teeth, cleaning tooth roots, and repositioning and suturing the gum tissue. Gum recession due to periodontitis may necessitate a gum graft, where the surgeon reinforces lost tissue with donor tissue from the roof of the mouth or a tissue bank.

Dental Bone Graft

A dental bone graft becomes necessary when jawbone loss occurs. This can happen when natural teeth are absent, as the roots stimulate jaw nerves, signaling the brain to send nutrients. Without this stimulation, bone deterioration occurs. A bone graft restores jawbone volume and density, facilitating future dental implant placement. In some cases, a bone graft accompanies periodontal surgery, as advanced gum disease can erode bone around teeth. The graft helps stabilize teeth and offers a robust foundation for oral health. This type of surgery uses advanced technology to restore severe deformities.

Corrective Jaw Surgery

Also known as orthognathic surgery, this type of surgery addresses skeletal jaw abnormalities to improve chewing, correct misalignment, or balance facial features. It can also alleviate pain caused by TMJ dysfunction (TMD) and address issues after facial trauma.

Sleep Apnea Corrective Surgery

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when throat tissues obstruct the airway during sleep. Conservative treatments like oral appliances or CPAP machines are common, but severe cases might require surgery by an oral surgeon.

Cleft Lip Repair

Babies born with a cleft lip or palate have openings in the upper lip or roof of the mouth, respectively, or sometimes both. These conditions arise from incomplete facial development in the womb. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons perform repairs to restore eating function and aid proper speech development.

Oral Surgery Steps

Oral Surgery is done in three steps. The first step involves a dental examination, which is used to check your overall health. After this, you have to book a date for the surgery. Some minor surgeries may be done on the same day as the dental exam. However, serious surgeries may require proper preparation and anticipation of one or more nights in the hospital. After the surgery, the final step involves care and healing.

At times, oral surgery is conducted in a dental office on an outpatient basis. The surgeon might provide sedation for procedures such as tooth extraction - usually nitrous oxide, oral medications, or intravenous (IV) moderate or deep sedation. Alternatively, oral surgery might occur in a hospital under general anesthesia.

How long the oral surgery lasts depends on various factors, including the type of surgery, the number of teeth involved, and whether sedation is opted for. Extraction of a single tooth typically takes around 30 minutes, whereas more complex procedures like corrective jaw surgery may require a longer duration.

Recovery After Oral Surgery

The duration of healing will differ from person to person, but generally, individuals start feeling like themselves again in approximately one week. The more complex the oral surgery, the longer the recovery period. Throughout this time, your healthcare provider will prescribe medications to ensure your comfort.

Most individuals can return to their regular work or school routines within one to three days. However, for more intricate procedures like corrective jaw surgery, the recovery period might be slightly longer. To speed up the healing process, it is best to avoid hard and crunchy foods, which can damage the surgical site.

Does Health Insurance Cover Oral Surgery?

When it comes to insurance, most dental surgeries are usually paid for by dental plans. Sometimes, though, medical insurance can cover oral surgery. For instance, if you get into an accident and suffer dental trauma, your medical insurance might pay for it. The coverage can be different for each plan, so it is best to ask your healthcare provider for more information. Generally, medical insurance can cover some oral surgeries, but not all of them.

Oral surgery is performed to correct many types of oral deformities. It can be for corrective purposes or aesthetical ones. In either case, oral surgery is key in treating many conditions. When opting for oral surgery, choose a dental clinic with advanced technology to ensure you are treated well, both competently and compassionately. At Madison Oral Surgery & Dental Implants, we are one of the most advanced dental clinics in oral surgeries. We are here to help you restore your oral health to perfection. To talk to one of our surgeons, contact us at (608) 960-7650 and book an appointment.

Get in Touch!

(608) 960-7650


2921 Landmark Place
Madison, WI 53713

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